Richard Florida
by Richard Florida
Wed Aug 12th 2009 at 9:30am UTC

This is Your Economy on Drugs

Yesterday, I looked at the relationship between drug use and politics. We saw that states that voted for Obama had higher levels of marijuana and cocaine use than those that voted for McCain. But perhaps economic factors lie behind those political trends. We know that Obama drew from less affluent minority voters and also from more well-educated, creative class voters. Perhaps the associations between drug use and voting patterns reflect deeper economic patterns.

The conventional wisdom is that economic hardship is a key factor in drug use. Anyone who watches crime shows like The Wire gets this picture really fast.

To get a first approximation of this, we examined the relationship between drug use and unemployment. Not surprisingly, the use of illegal drugs is correlated with state unemployment (.31). And the correlations are even a bit higher when we look at marijuana (.36) and cocaine use (.36).

Correlation coefficient: 0.31*

But things get more interesting when we look at the relationship between drug use and economic development. While there is no relationship between economic output and illegal drug use overall, there is a significant relationship between state economic output and marijuana, and an even stronger correlation between economic output and cocaine use, as the charts below show.

Correlation coefficient: 0.31*

Correlation coefficient:  0.61**

But there’s more to the story. Tomorrow, I turn to the relationship between drug use and the class structure of state economies.

Note: * indicates statistical significance at the .05 level; ** indicates significance at the .01 level.

4 Responses to “This is Your Economy on Drugs”

  1. Phil E. Drifter Says:

    That’s interesting because I’ve read studies that showed that cannabis smokers take less sick days off work than people who are ‘drug free,’ and also that cannabis smokers drive safer than drug-free drivers.

  2. Does Higher Unemployment Lead to More Drug Use? - Economix Blog - NYTimes.com Says:

    [...] addition, Mr. Florida looked at state output per capita (which is more positively correlated with use of cocaine and marijuana), as well as a host of other [...]

  3. Creative Class » Blog Archive » Drug Use and Class - Creative Class Says:

    [...] class communitiesWho’s YOUR City?Creative ClassThe source on how we live, work and play« This is Your Economy on Drugsby Richard FloridaThu Aug 13th 2009 at 9:30am EDTDrug Use and Class Yesterday, we looked at the [...]

  4. Does Higher Unemployment Lead to More Drug Use? « Free Market Mojo Says:

    [...] Higher Unemployment Lead to More Drug Use? According to Richard Florida, director of the Martin Prosperity Institute and professor of business and creativity at the Rotman [...]